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New Mexico School Library - Independent Reading and Information Literacy Standards and Benchmarks

9th - 12th Grade

Information Literacy and Reading
The student will be able to access, evaluate, and apply information in a variety of formats.


The student will

1. develop an increasing proficiency in accessing, reading and using materials, both fiction and nonfiction.

2. recognize the need to find information, formulate questions, and develop strategies for identifying and locating information.

3. identify, access, and analyze accurate information that is applicable to a specific problem or question.

4. organize information, draw conclusions, resolve problems or questions, and choose the most appropriate format for the presentation of the information.

Performance Standards:

The student

1. Locates all types of library materials.

2. Reads assigned and self-selected materials both in class and independently to increase fluency and comprehension.

3. Recognizes information needs and refines the topic.

4. Utilizes a research path model to develop a research plan based on an essential question.

5. Generates relevant, researchable questions.

6. Determines possible questions, concerns, or counter arguments to address alternate points of view.

7. Selects and uses an array of resources to answer research questions.

8. Uses a variety of interactive technologies effectively to enhance understanding of information gathering (e.g., Internet, e-mail, on-line publications, CD-ROM, digital images and videos).

9. Evaluates all sources of information for validity, currency, and accuracy (e.g., primary and secondary sources, fact and opinion, copyright currency).

10. Organizes, summarizes, and synthesizes information to answer questions.

11. Devises strategies for revising, improving, and updating self-generated knowledge.

12. Is familiar with style manuals as a resource.

13. Chooses appropriate format for presentation, citing sources accurately, and avoiding plagiarism.

14. Creates a product to present information to an audience.


Literature and Independent Reading
The student will demonstrate an awareness of and appreciation for literature in a variety of formats for personal enrichment and growth. 


The student will

1. read literature from a variety of authors, cultures, and genres.

2. analyzes, explains, and evaluates characteristics of a variety of literature.

3. seek literature related to personal interest and well-being.

Performance standards:

The student

1. Describes, analyzes, and compares the characteristics of literary genre including mystery, biography, science fiction, realistic fiction, historical fiction, fantasy, folktales, fairy tales, poetry, and drama.

2. Identify literary elements and writing styles of a variety of literature.

3. Selects a variety of media formats to communicate and presents ideas found in literary texts.

4. Selects appropriate reading as a leisure-time activity and is a self-motivated reader.

5. Uses a variety of strategies for revising, improving, and updating personal reading growth.

Social Responsibility
The student will demonstrate social responsibility regarding library property, information sources, and information technology. 


The student will

1. The student will demonstrate responsible library citizenship including equitable access to information.

2. The student will seek information from diverse sources, contexts and cultures, respecting others’ ideas and backgrounds and acknowledging their contributions.

3. The student will demonstrate respect for the principles of intellectual freedom and property rights, avoid plagiarism, and use information technology according to school policy.

4. The student will collaborate with others, both in person and through technologies, to identify problems and seek their solutions.

Performance standards:

The student

1. Knows, understands, and follows school or district Acceptable Use Policy.

2. Assumes personal responsibility for care of equipment and materials, and the sharing of both with others.

3. Assumes personal responsibility for appropriate and ethical use of technology.

4. Recognizes the value of intellectual freedom and property rights, thus avoiding plagiarism.

5. Observes copyright laws.

6. Cites bibliographic sources in acceptable format.

7. Seeks information supporting opposing views on a subject, using a wide variety of sources.

8. Considers the context and culture of the source when evaluating information.

9. Contributes constructively to a group project.

10. Evaluates the group process and individual contributions.

Media Literacy
The student will demonstrate media literacy by effectively using and creating media. 


The student will

1.  aware that media literacy is integral to modern citizenship, informed decision making, and healthy lifestyles.

2. analyze elements of media messages to understand their form, function, content and intent.

3. identify various techniques used in media to shape the impact of messages.

4. analyze media messages to observe how they influence decision making (e.g., citizenship, consumer choices and lifestyle).

5. be able to produce media messages in selected formats.

Performance Standards:

The student

1. Differentiates between fact and opinion.

2. Identifies bias in media messages.

3. Uses a variety of criteria to evaluate informational media (e.g., websites, news reports, documentaries).

4. Demonstrates the process of constructing media messages and products.

5. Describes how different media formats are used most effectively in delivering information and influencing perceptions.

6. Characterizes media messages for their economic, political, social and aesthetics dissemination.

7. Explains how media ownership, control, and governance impact media production and dissemination.

8. Describes the influence of media on society in shaping governmental, social, and cultural norms.

9. Applies media techniques to create a media message to influence an audience.