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Standards - New Mexico School Library Independent Reading and Information Literacy Standards and Benchmarks

Grades K - 5

Information Literacy and Reading
The student will be able to access, evaluate, and apply information in a variety of formats.


The student will

1. develop an increasing proficiency in accessing and reading children’s literature, both fiction and non-fiction.

2. recognize the need to find information, formulate questions, and develop strategies for identifying and locating information.

3. identify and access accurate information that is applicable to a specific problem or question.

4. organize, integrate, and apply information to meet a particular need. 

Performance Standards:

The student

1. Identifies library personnel and requests assistance as needed.

2. Understands the organization and location of resources within the library.

    • Identifies easy, fiction, nonfiction, reference, and non-print sections.
    • Uses alphabetizing skills.
    • Locates resources by call number.
    • Locates easy and fiction books by the same author. 
    • Locates non-fiction books on the same subject (Dewey). 
    • Searches online catalog by author, title, subject/keyword. 

3. Distinguishes between fiction and non-fiction.

4. Asks and answers questions about elements of text (e.g., who, what, when, where, why, how).

5. Formulates the essential question to guide research.

6. Chooses resources useful for answering the essential question.

7. Identifies and describes a research process.

8. Demonstrates familiarity with a variety of resources, e.g., books, newspapers, magazines, software, telephone book.

 9. Identifies call numbers in the library through author, title, and subject/keyword searches.

10. Selects appropriate key words.

11. Uses natural language searches, topic searches, and simple Boolean searches to access information in the databases.

12. Understands the concept of primary source.

13. Uses table of contents, indices, tables, glossaries, etc. to locate information in a book.

14. Uses headings and sub-headings of the material to make predictions of text.

15. Recognizes the difference between fact and opinion.

16. Evaluates appropriateness of information to the essential question.

17. Paraphrases and summarizes the information gained.

18. Uses a self-evaluation tool to measure the process used in information gathering (e.g., rubric, checklist, student interview, etc.).

Literature and Independent Reading
The student will demonstrate an awareness of and an appreciation for literature in a variety of formats for personal enrichment and growth.


The student will

1. read, listen, and, respond to selections from diverse, quality texts.

2. choose and read various kinds of literature.

3. will competently pursue materials reflecting personal interests. 

Performance Standards

The student

1. Uses pictures and text to make, confirm, and, revise predictions about story content

2. Compares different versions of the same story.

3. Explains beginning, middle, and end of stories.

4. Retells stories or parts of stories.

5. Identifies/describes/analyses characters, setting, and plot elements in a variety of texts.

6. Forms opinions about text.

7. Selects and reads a range of genres, including mystery, biography, science fiction, realistic fiction, historical fiction, fantasy, folktales, fairy tales, poetry, and drama.

8. Compares and contrasts tales from different cultures.

9. Recognizes award-winning books.

10. Explains and discusses visual presentations or performances.

11. Uses an evaluation tool to measure personal reading growth (e.g., rubric, reading interview or reading record).


Social Responsibility
The student will demonstrate social responsibility regarding library property, information sources, and information technology

Grades K-5:

The student will

1. demonstrate responsible library citizenship.

2. choose and share information from diverse cultures and varied sources.

3. demonstrate respect for the principles of intellectual freedom and intellectual property rights, avoid plagiarism, and use information technology according to school policy.

4. respectfully share knowledge, ideas, and information with others, both in person and through technologies.

Performance Standards:

The student

1. Listens respectfully and responsively in formal and informal situations.

2. Exhibits behavior that shows understanding of established library procedures.

3. Demonstrates respect for the perspectives of different cultures.

4. Observes copyright laws.

5. Cites bibliographic sources in acceptable format.

6. Understands that every person has the right to read, write, and express himself/herself.

7. Solves problems and develops simple projects collaboratively.

8. Assumes personal responsibility for appropriate and ethical use of technology.

Media Literacy
The student will be able to apply media literacy principles to critically use and analyze media.


The student will

1. be aware that media literacy is integral to modern citizenship, informed decision making, and healthy lifestyles.

2. analyze elements of media messages to understand their forms, functions, content, intent, and effect on the receiver.

3. evaluate elements and intended results of media messages to facilitate selection for personal and educational use.

4. be able to produce simple media messages.

Performance Standards:

The student

1. Identifies the various types of media (e.g., newspapers, radios, television, billboards, videos, etc.).

2. Communicates the main idea or message in visual media (e.g., pictures, cartoons, weather reports on television, newspaper photographs, visual narratives, etc.).

3. Recognizes the techniques used to convey messages in visual media (e.g., animation, different tones of voice, adjusting messages for different audiences.

4. Applies media techniques to create a simple media message to influence an audience. 


New Mexico School Library Independent Reading and Information Literacy Standards and Benchmarks